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# 6561
Itzerott, Sibylle • Hohmann, Christian • Stender, Vivien • Maass, Holger • Borg, Erik • (et. al.)
Abstract: The Tutow BF1 soil moisture station is part of an agrometeorological test site and aims at supplying environmental data for algorithm development in remote sensing and environmental modelling, with a focus on soil moisture and evapotranspiration.The site is intensively used for practical tests of remote sensing data integration in agricultural land management practices. First measurement infrastructure was installed by DLR in 1999 and instrumentation was intensified in 2011 and later as the site became part of the TERENO-NE observatory. The soil moisture station station Tutow BF1 was installed in 2012. It is located on the southern edge of a conserved area within a field. The station is equipped with sensor for measuring the following variables: Spade_3, Spade_6, Spade_2, Spade_5, Spade_4 and Spade_1 The dataset is also available through the TERENO Data Discovery Portal. The datafile will be extended once per year as more data is acquired at the stations and the metadatafile will be updated. New columns for new variables will be added as necessary. In case of changes in dta processing, which will result in changes of historical data, an new Version of this dataset will be published using a new doi. New data will be added after a delay of several months to allow manual interference with the quality control process.
The DEMMIN test site is located within the central monitoring sites of the TERENO Northeastern German Lowland Observatory. It covers 900 km² and exhibits mostly glacial formed lowlands with terminal moraines in the southern part, containing the highest elevation of 83m a.s.l. The region between the rivers Tollense and Peene consists of flat ground moraines, whereas undulation ground moraines determine the landscape character north of the river Peene. The lowest elevation is located near the town Loitz with 0.5m a.s.l. The region is characterized by intense agricultural use and the three rivers Tollense and Trebel which confluence into the Peene River at the Hanseatic city Demmin. The present climate is characterized by a long-term (1981–2010) mean temperature of 8.7 °C and mean precipitation of 584 mm/year, measured at the Teterow weather station by Deutscher Wetterdienst (DWD). The Northeastern German Lowland Observatory is situated in a region shaped by recurring glacial and periglacial processes since at least half a million years. Within this period, three major glaciations covered the entire region, the last time this happened approximately 25 15 k ago (Weichselian glaciation).Since that time, a young morainic landscape developed characterized by many lakes and river systems that are connected to the shallow ground water table. The test site is instrumented with more than 40 environmental measurement stations (DLR, GFZ). Additionally, 63 soil moisture stations were installed by GFZ, a lysimeter-hexagon (DLR, FZJ) near to the village Rustow and is part of the SOILCan project. A crane completes the measurement technique currently available in the test site installed by GFZ/DLR in 2011. Data is automatically collected via a telemetry network by DLR. The quality control of all environmental data transferred via Telemetry network of DLR is carried out by DLR by visual control and, since 2012, by automatic processing by GFZ. The delivered dataset contains the measured data and quality flags indicating the validity of each measured value and detected reasons for exclusion. The TERENO (TERrestrial ENvironmental Observatories) is an initiative of the Helmholtz Centers (Forschungszentrum Jülich – FZJ, Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research – UFZ, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology – KIT, Helmholtz Zentrum München - German Center for Environmental Health – HMGU, German Research Centre for Geosciences - GFZ, and German Aerospace Center – DLR) (http://www.tereno.net/overview-de). TERENO Northeastern German Lowland Observatory.TERENO (TERrestrial ENvironmental Observatories) spans an Earth observation network across Germany that extends from the North German lowlands to the Bavarian Alps. This unique large-scale project aims to catalogue the longterm ecological, social and economic impact of global change at regional level. Further specific goals of the TERENO remote sensing research group at GFZ are (1) supplying environmental data for algorithm development in remote sensing and environmental modelling, with a focus on soil moisture and evapotranspiration, and (2) practical tests of remote sensing data integration in agricultural land management practices.
# 6562
Itzerott, Sibylle • Hohmann, Christian • Stender, Vivien • Maass, Holger • Borg, Erik • (et. al.)
Abstract: The Ueckeritz climate station is part of an agrometeorological test site and aims at supplying environmental data for algorithm development in remote sensing and environmental modelling, with a focus on soil moisture and evapotranspiration.The site is intensively used for practical tests of remote sensing data integration in agricultural land management practices. First measurement infrastructure was installed by DLR in 1999 and instrumentation was intensified in 2011 and later as the site became part of the TERENO-NE observatory.The agrometeorological station Ueckeritz was installed in 2013. It is located on the eastern border of a natural sink, with some bushes on the western slope of the sink. The station is equipped with sensor for measuring the following variables: WindSpeed, WindDirection, Temperature, SoiltemperatureTh3-s5cm, SoiltemperatureTh3-s50cm, SoiltemperatureTh3-s30cm, SoiltemperatureTh3-s20cm, SoiltemperatureTh3-s10cm, SoiltemperatureTh3-s100cm, Soiltemperature45cm, Soiltemperature15cm, Soilmoisture60cm, Soilmoisture50cm, Soilmoisture40cm, Soilmoisture30cm, Soilmoisture20cm, Soilmoisture10cm, RelativeHumidity, Precipitation, LeafWetness, PyranometerCMP3outgoing, PyranometerCMP3incoming, PyrgeometerCGR3outgoing, PyrgeometerCGR3incoming and BarometricPressureA Previous version of this data was provided under http://doi.org/10.5880/TERENO.277 containing the measured data and Version 2.0(this dataset) contains additionally the quality flags for each measured value and extended metadata. The dataset is also available through the TERENO Data Discovery Portal. The datafile will be extended once per year as more data is acquired at the stations and the metadatafile will be updated. New columns for new variables will be added as necessary. In case of changes in dta processing, which will result in changes of historical data, an new Version of this dataset will be published using a new doi. New data will be added after a delay of several months to allow manual interference with the quality control process.
The DEMMIN test site is located within the central monitoring sites of the TERENO Northeastern German Lowland Observatory. It covers 900 km² and exhibits mostly glacial formed lowlands with terminal moraines in the southern part, containing the highest elevation of 83m a.s.l. The region between the rivers Tollense and Peene consists of flat ground moraines, whereas undulation ground moraines determine the landscape character north of the river Peene. The lowest elevation is located near the town Loitz with 0.5m a.s.l. The region is characterized by intense agricultural use and the three rivers Tollense and Trebel which confluence into the Peene River at the Hanseatic city Demmin. The present climate is characterized by a long-term (1981–2010) mean temperature of 8.7 °C and mean precipitation of 584 mm/year, measured at the Teterow weather station by Deutscher Wetterdienst (DWD). The Northeastern German Lowland Observatory is situated in a region shaped by recurring glacial and periglacial processes since at least half a million years. Within this period, three major glaciations covered the entire region, the last time this happened approximately 25 15 k ago (Weichselian glaciation).Since that time, a young morainic landscape developed characterized by many lakes and river systems that are connected to the shallow ground water table. The test site is instrumented with more than 40 environmental measurement stations (DLR, GFZ). Additionally, 63 soil moisture stations were installed by GFZ, a lysimeter-hexagon (DLR, FZJ) near to the village Rustow and is part of the SOILCan project. A crane completes the measurement technique currently available in the test site installed by GFZ/DLR in 2011. Data is automatically collected via a telemetry network by DLR. The quality control of all environmental data transferred via Telemetry network of DLR is carried out by DLR by visual control and, since 2012, by automatic processing by GFZ. The delivered dataset contains the measured data and quality flags indicating the validity of each measured value and detected reasons for exclusion. The TERENO (TERrestrial ENvironmental Observatories) is an initiative of the Helmholtz Centers (Forschungszentrum Jülich – FZJ, Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research – UFZ, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology – KIT, Helmholtz Zentrum München - German Center for Environmental Health – HMGU, German Research Centre for Geosciences - GFZ, and German Aerospace Center – DLR) (http://www.tereno.net/overview-de). TERENO Northeastern German Lowland Observatory.TERENO (TERrestrial ENvironmental Observatories) spans an Earth observation network across Germany that extends from the North German lowlands to the Bavarian Alps. This unique large-scale project aims to catalogue the longterm ecological, social and economic impact of global change at regional level. Further specific goals of the TERENO remote sensing research group at GFZ are (1) supplying environmental data for algorithm development in remote sensing and environmental modelling, with a focus on soil moisture and evapotranspiration, and (2) practical tests of remote sensing data integration in agricultural land management practices.
# 6563
Itzerott, Sibylle • Hohmann, Christian • Stender, Vivien • Maass, Holger • Borg, Erik • (et. al.)
Abstract: The Ueckeritz BF1 soil moisture station is part of an agrometeorological test site and aims at supplying environmental data for algorithm development in remote sensing and environmental modelling, with a focus on soil moisture and evapotranspiration.The site is intensively used for practical tests of remote sensing data integration in agricultural land management practices. First measurement infrastructure was installed by DLR in 1999 and instrumentation was intensified in 2011 and later as the site became part of the TERENO-NE observatory. The soil moisture station station Ueckeritz BF1 was installed in 2014. It is located next to a pylon on a flat field. The station is equipped with sensor for measuring the following variables: Spade_1, Spade_2, Spade_3, Spade_4, Spade_5 and Spade_6 The dataset is also available through the TERENO Data Discovery Portal. The datafile will be extended once per year as more data is acquired at the stations and the metadatafile will be updated. New columns for new variables will be added as necessary. In case of changes in dta processing, which will result in changes of historical data, an new Version of this dataset will be published using a new doi. New data will be added after a delay of several months to allow manual interference with the quality control process.
The DEMMIN test site is located within the central monitoring sites of the TERENO Northeastern German Lowland Observatory. It covers 900 km² and exhibits mostly glacial formed lowlands with terminal moraines in the southern part, containing the highest elevation of 83m a.s.l. The region between the rivers Tollense and Peene consists of flat ground moraines, whereas undulation ground moraines determine the landscape character north of the river Peene. The lowest elevation is located near the town Loitz with 0.5m a.s.l. The region is characterized by intense agricultural use and the three rivers Tollense and Trebel which confluence into the Peene River at the Hanseatic city Demmin. The present climate is characterized by a long-term (1981–2010) mean temperature of 8.7 °C and mean precipitation of 584 mm/year, measured at the Teterow weather station by Deutscher Wetterdienst (DWD). The Northeastern German Lowland Observatory is situated in a region shaped by recurring glacial and periglacial processes since at least half a million years. Within this period, three major glaciations covered the entire region, the last time this happened approximately 25 15 k ago (Weichselian glaciation).Since that time, a young morainic landscape developed characterized by many lakes and river systems that are connected to the shallow ground water table. The test site is instrumented with more than 40 environmental measurement stations (DLR, GFZ). Additionally, 63 soil moisture stations were installed by GFZ, a lysimeter-hexagon (DLR, FZJ) near to the village Rustow and is part of the SOILCan project. A crane completes the measurement technique currently available in the test site installed by GFZ/DLR in 2011. Data is automatically collected via a telemetry network by DLR. The quality control of all environmental data transferred via Telemetry network of DLR is carried out by DLR by visual control and, since 2012, by automatic processing by GFZ. The delivered dataset contains the measured data and quality flags indicating the validity of each measured value and detected reasons for exclusion. The TERENO (TERrestrial ENvironmental Observatories) is an initiative of the Helmholtz Centers (Forschungszentrum Jülich – FZJ, Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research – UFZ, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology – KIT, Helmholtz Zentrum München - German Center for Environmental Health – HMGU, German Research Centre for Geosciences - GFZ, and German Aerospace Center – DLR) (http://www.tereno.net/overview-de). TERENO Northeastern German Lowland Observatory.TERENO (TERrestrial ENvironmental Observatories) spans an Earth observation network across Germany that extends from the North German lowlands to the Bavarian Alps. This unique large-scale project aims to catalogue the longterm ecological, social and economic impact of global change at regional level. Further specific goals of the TERENO remote sensing research group at GFZ are (1) supplying environmental data for algorithm development in remote sensing and environmental modelling, with a focus on soil moisture and evapotranspiration, and (2) practical tests of remote sensing data integration in agricultural land management practices.
# 6564
Itzerott, Sibylle • Hohmann, Christian • Stender, Vivien • Maass, Holger • Borg, Erik • (et. al.)
Abstract: The Upost BF1 soil moisture station is part of an agrometeorological test site and aims at supplying environmental data for algorithm development in remote sensing and environmental modelling, with a focus on soil moisture and evapotranspiration.The site is intensively used for practical tests of remote sensing data integration in agricultural land management practices. First measurement infrastructure was installed by DLR in 1999 and instrumentation was intensified in 2011 and later as the site became part of the TERENO-NE observatory. The soil moisture station station Upost BF1 was installed in 2014. It is located on a flat field, next to climate station upost. The station is equipped with sensor for measuring the following variables: Spade_1, Spade_2, Spade_3, Spade_4, Spade_5 and Spade_6 The dataset is also available through the TERENO Data Discovery Portal. The datafile will be extended once per year as more data is acquired at the stations and the metadatafile will be updated. New columns for new variables will be added as necessary. In case of changes in dta processing, which will result in changes of historical data, an new Version of this dataset will be published using a new doi. New data will be added after a delay of several months to allow manual interference with the quality control process.
The DEMMIN test site is located within the central monitoring sites of the TERENO Northeastern German Lowland Observatory. It covers 900 km² and exhibits mostly glacial formed lowlands with terminal moraines in the southern part, containing the highest elevation of 83m a.s.l. The region between the rivers Tollense and Peene consists of flat ground moraines, whereas undulation ground moraines determine the landscape character north of the river Peene. The lowest elevation is located near the town Loitz with 0.5m a.s.l. The region is characterized by intense agricultural use and the three rivers Tollense and Trebel which confluence into the Peene River at the Hanseatic city Demmin. The present climate is characterized by a long-term (1981–2010) mean temperature of 8.7 °C and mean precipitation of 584 mm/year, measured at the Teterow weather station by Deutscher Wetterdienst (DWD). The Northeastern German Lowland Observatory is situated in a region shaped by recurring glacial and periglacial processes since at least half a million years. Within this period, three major glaciations covered the entire region, the last time this happened approximately 25 15 k ago (Weichselian glaciation).Since that time, a young morainic landscape developed characterized by many lakes and river systems that are connected to the shallow ground water table. The test site is instrumented with more than 40 environmental measurement stations (DLR, GFZ). Additionally, 63 soil moisture stations were installed by GFZ, a lysimeter-hexagon (DLR, FZJ) near to the village Rustow and is part of the SOILCan project. A crane completes the measurement technique currently available in the test site installed by GFZ/DLR in 2011. Data is automatically collected via a telemetry network by DLR. The quality control of all environmental data transferred via Telemetry network of DLR is carried out by DLR by visual control and, since 2012, by automatic processing by GFZ. The delivered dataset contains the measured data and quality flags indicating the validity of each measured value and detected reasons for exclusion. The TERENO (TERrestrial ENvironmental Observatories) is an initiative of the Helmholtz Centers (Forschungszentrum Jülich – FZJ, Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research – UFZ, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology – KIT, Helmholtz Zentrum München - German Center for Environmental Health – HMGU, German Research Centre for Geosciences - GFZ, and German Aerospace Center – DLR) (http://www.tereno.net/overview-de). TERENO Northeastern German Lowland Observatory.TERENO (TERrestrial ENvironmental Observatories) spans an Earth observation network across Germany that extends from the North German lowlands to the Bavarian Alps. This unique large-scale project aims to catalogue the longterm ecological, social and economic impact of global change at regional level. Further specific goals of the TERENO remote sensing research group at GFZ are (1) supplying environmental data for algorithm development in remote sensing and environmental modelling, with a focus on soil moisture and evapotranspiration, and (2) practical tests of remote sensing data integration in agricultural land management practices.
# 6565
Kwiatek, Grzegorz • Saarno, Tero • Ader, Thomas • Bluemle, Felix • Bohnhoff, Marco • (et. al.)
Abstract: The dataset is supplementary material to Kwiatek et al. (2019, Science Advances). The dataset is a refined seismic catalog acquired during the hydraulic stimulation of the future geothermal sites located in Espoo, Finland. There, the injection well, OTN-3, was drilled down to 6.1 km-depth into Precambrian crystalline rocks. Well OTN-3 was deviated 45° from vertical and an open hole section at the bottom was divided into several injection intervals. A total of 18,159 m3 of fresh water was pumped into crystal-line rocks during 49 days in June- and July, 2018. The stimulation was monitored in near-real time using (1) a 12-level seismometer array at 2.20-2.65 km depth in an observation well located ~10 m from OTN3 and (2) a 12-station network installed in 0.3-1.15 km deep bore-holes surrounding the project site. On completion of stimulation it the catalog contained 8452 event detections overall, and 6152 confirmed earthquakes located in the vicinity of the project site (epicentral distance from the well head of OTN-3 <5 km). These were recorded in a time period lasting 59 days: 49 days of active stimulation campaign and the 10 days following completion. The initial industrial seismic catalog of 6150 earthquakes was manually reprocessed. The P- and S-wave arrivals of larger seismic events with M>0.5 were all manually verified, and, if necessary, refined. Earthquakes with sufficient number of phases and seemingly anomalous hypocenter depths (e.g. very shallow or very deep) were manually revised as well. The hypocenter locations were calculated using the Equivalent differential time method and optimized with an Adaptive Simulated Annealing algorithm. The updated catalog contained 4,580 earthquakes that occurred at hypocenter depths 4.5-7.0 km, in the vicinity of the stimulation section of OTN-3. To increase the precision of their locations, the selected 2155 earthquakes with at least 10 P-wave and 4 S-wave picks were relocated using the double-difference relocation technique. The relocation uncertainties were estimated using bootstrap resampling technique. The relocation reduced the relative precision of hypocenter determination to approx. 66 m and 27 m for 95% and 68% of relocated earthquakes. The final relocated catalog that constitutes the here published contained 1,977 earthquakes (91% of the originally selected events).
# 6566
Lu, Biao • Förste, Christoph • Barthelmes, Franz • Petrovic, Svetozar • Flechtner, Frank • (et. al.)
Abstract: With the successful completion of ESA's PolarGAP campaign, terrestrial gravimetry data (gravity anomalies) are now available for both polar regions. Therefore, it is now possible to overcome the GOCE polar gap by using real gravimetry data instead of some regularization methods. But terrestrial gravimetry data needs to become filtered to remove the high-frequency gravity information beyond spher. harm. degree e.g. 240 to avoid disturbing spectral leakage in the satellite-only gravity field models. For the gravity anomalies from the Arctic, we use existing global gravity field models (e.g., EGM2008) for this filtering. But for the gravity anomalies from Antarctica, we use local gravity field models based on a point mass modeling method to remove the high-frequency gravity information. After that, the boundary-value condition from Molodensky's theory is used to build the observation equations for the gravity anomalies. Finally, variance component estimation is applied to combine the normal equations from the gravity anomalies, from the GOCE GGs (e.g., IGGT_R1), from GRACE (e.g., ITSG-Grace2014s) and for Kaula's rule of thumb (higher degree/order parts) to build a global gravity field model IGGT_R1C without disturbing impact of the GOCE polar gap. This new model has been developed by German Research Centre for Geosciences (GFZ), Technical University of Berlin (TUB), Wuhan University (WHU) and Huazhong University of Science and Technology (HUST). Parametersstatic model modelname IGGT_R1Cproduct_type gravity_fieldearth_gravity_constant 0.3986004415E+15radius 0.6378136460E+07max_degree 240norm fully_normalizedtide_system tide_freeerrors formal
# 6567
Lühr, Birger • Ibanez, Jesus M. • Dahm, Torsten
Abstract: The TOMO-ETNA experiment was focused on the base of generation and acquisition of seismic signal (active and passive) at Mt. Etna volcano and surrounding area. The terrestrial campaign consists in the deployment of 80 short-period three-component seismic stations (June 15 to July24), 17 Broadband seismometers (June 15 to October 30) provided by Helmholtz Centre Potsdam (GFZ) German Research Centre for Geosciences using the German Geophysical Instrument Pool Potsdam (GIPP Gerätepool Geophysik), and the coordination with 133 permanent seismic station belonging to the “Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia” (INGV) of Italy. This temporary seismic network recorded active and passive seismic sources. Active seismic sources were generated by an array of air-guns mounted in the Spanish Oceanographic vessel “Sarmiento de Gamboa” with a power capacity of up to 5.200 cubic inches. In total more than 26.000 shots were fired and more than 450 local and regional earthquakes were recorded. Until July the Oceanographic Vessel “Sarmiento de Gamboa” and the hydrographic vessel “Galatea” were responsible for the offshore activities, that included deployment of OBSs, and several marine activities. The vessel “Aegaeo” performed additional seismic, magnetic and gravimetric experiments until the end of November 2014. This experiment was part of the “Task 5.3 - Mt. Etna structure” of the “EU MED-SUV Project” concerned with the investigation of Mt. Etna volcano (seismic tomography experiment - TOMO-ETNA) by means of passive and active refraction/reflection seismic methods. It focused on the investigation of Etna’s roots and surrounding areas by means of passive and active seismic methods. Therefore, this experiment included activities both on-land and offshore with the main objective to obtain a new high-resolution tomography in order to improve the 3D image of the crustal structures existing beneath the Etna volcano and the northeast Sicily (Peloritani - Nebrodi chain) up to the Aeolian Islands. Waveform data are open and available from the GEOFON data centre, under network code 1T.
# 6568
Mikolaj, Michal • Reich, Marvin • Güntner , Andreas
Abstract: This publication contains the supplementary data set to Mikolaj et al. "Resolving geophysical signals by terrestrial gravimetry: a time domain assessment of the correction-induced uncertainty" (2019, JGR-Solid Earth). The aim of the article is to estimate the uncertainty of terrestrial gravity corrections applied to resolve small-scale gravity effects. The uncertainty of the gravity corrections is assessed using various models of the tidal effect, large-scale hydrology, non-tidal ocean loading, and atmosphere. Taken into account are widely recognized models with global spatial coverage, sufficient temporal resolution and coverage, and available to the public for research purposes. The uncertainty is expressed in terms of a root-mean-square and mean-absolute error of the deviations between all available models. The data set comprises models for 11 sites worldwide. The processing scripts are provided along with an explanatory file with all instructions for results reproduction and application of the uncertainty analysis for an arbitrary location. Please consult the readme file for further details on the data.
# 6569
Hannah Parow-Souchon
Abstract: This Appendix contains further information on different topics of Hannah Parow – Souchon's PhD thesis (2019) The Wadi Sabra - A contextual approach to the Palaeolithic Landscape, listed as follows: 1) Methodology 2) Further material on the Wadi Sabra sites 3) Spearmans rs correlations for the diversity index and tool inventory size 4) Type list transformation reference 5) Faunal species used/not used in the calculations 6) Sites represented in the different chapters 7) Typological designation of the sites used in the thesis 8) R-Code for CCA and Postfit (with pers. comm. Georg Roth) 9)- 11) Further material on the CCA 1 -12 calculations 12) Blank counts dataset Plate I – Plate CXXXII
# 6570
Balling, Niels • Tilmann, Frederik • Kind, Rainer
Abstract: This project investigates the crust and upper mantle along a north-south oriented, about 350 km long profile from around the town of Ringkøbing in western Jutland to south of Hamburg in northwestern Germany, with a focus on teleseismic receiver functions and seismic tomography. A number of tectonic processes have affected the crust and uppermost mantle beneath southern Scandinavia and northern Germany: Precambrian crustal accretion in southern Baltica, Caledonian collision between Baltica and Avalonia along the Tornquist Suture Zone (TSZ), followed by Variscan collision and formation of the North German and the Norwegian-Danish basins, and more recent magmatic activity to the south. This study is particularly focused on the closure of the Tornquist Sea and the Caledonian collision between Baltica and Avalonia. A total of 29 stations, provided by GFZ and the University of Aarhus, were deployed between autumn 2010 and summer 2012, of which 25 form the main profile, and 4 are positioned in an off-line location. Waveform data are available from the GEOFON data centre, under network code ZW, and are available under CC-BY 4.0 license according to GIPP-rules.
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