70 documents found in 205ms
# 1
Asch, G. • Tilmann, F. • Heit, B. • Schurr, B.
Abstract: On 1st April, 23:46:50 UTC, an Mw 8.1 earthquake ruptured offshore northern Chile, near the town of Pisagua northwest of Iquique, followed one day later by a Mw7.6 event, both events in the centre of the Integrated Plate boundary Observatory Chile (IPOC). These earthquakes occurred within a seismic gap left behind by two great earthquakes devastating the northern Chilean and southern Peruvian coast about 140 years ago in 1868 and 1877. The segment inbetween, about 500 km long, was the only one along the Chilean subduction zone that has not ruptured within the last century. The earthquakes were recorded by the IPOC multi-parameter stations plus several additional off-line strong- and weak-motion instruments. A network of GPS monuments covering the onshore region deformed by the earthquake was measured just weeks before the event by GFZ scientists. Taking advantage of the long history of preceding work, presence of the permanent multi-parameter network and excellent knowledge of GFZ scientists of the region, a 20 short-period seismograph network was installed to complement the existing pre- and co-seismic data sets. This campaign was the first case for the „HAzard-Risk-Team (HART)“ initiative of GFZ. Stations operated from mid April 2014, i.e. shortly after the mainshock, to January 2016.
# 2
Yuan, Xiaohui • Schurr, Bernd • Haberland, Christian • Abdybachaev, Ulan • Sharshebaev, Azamat
Abstract: We propose to investigate the structure and evolution of the Main Pamir Thrust (MPT) with a high-density seismological array. The MPT, with its surface expression along the east-west trending Alai Valley, marks the northern boundary of the Pamir. The Alai Valley, separating the Pamir and the Tien Shan, constitutes the last vestige of a formerly continuous basin that linked the Tarim and the Tajik Basins. The MPT manifests itself as a place of high seismic activity with frequently occurred disastrous earthquakes. The array is about 50 km long, consisted of 90 three-component geophones (stations G?? and C??) and 10 Trillium-Compact seismometers (stations T??), and equipped with 100 CUBE dataloggers. We will construct a high-resolution receiver function profile to image the MPT and accurately locate the local earthquakes associated with the MPT. Funded by BMBF, within the framework of CaTeNA project – Climatic and Tectonic Natural Hazards in Central Asia. Waveform data are available from the GEOFON data centre, under network code 7A and are embargoed until Jan 2024.
# 3
Morales, José • Martín, José Benito • Martín, Rosa • Mancilla Perez, Flor de Lis • Heit, Benjamin • (et. al.)
Abstract: We carried out a passive experiment operated with 10 broadband and short period seismic stations which were installed between July 2013 and May 2015 by a joint effort between the Instituto Andaluz de Geofísica, Granada University and the German Research Centre for Geosciences GFZ. The goal of this project is to study the crustal and upper mantle structures under the Central Betic mountain ranges and the variations of these structures between the different geological domains as a prolongation towards the north of the HIRE profile (Heit, Yuan and Mancilla; 2010). Waveform data is available from the GEOFON data centre, under network code 3J.
# 4
Morales, José • Martín, José Benito • Martín, Rosa • Mancilla Perez, Flor de Lis • Heit, Benjamin • (et. al.)
Abstract: We carried out a passive seismic experiment formed by 50 broadband and short-period stations with an interstation distance of 3-4 km. These stations were in operation for 22 months, from 06/2013 to 05/2015. The seismic array (TRANSCORBE) was deployed in a linear configuration of 170 km length in a NW-SE direction. The southern edge of the prolife is located near the Mediterranean coast in Mazarrón (Murcia) crossing the Alhama de Murcia fault and the Cazorla Mountain range in the north. The main goal of this project is to study the crustal and upper mantle structures under the Eastern Betics mountain ranges and their variations along the different geological domains. It probes, from southeast to northwest, the Alboran domain (metamorphic rocks), the External zones (sedimentary rocks) and the Variscan terrains of the Iberian Massif. The proposed scientific work includes the analysis of the data using mainly P and S receiver functions, and velocity and attenuation tomographic techniques. The study area has undergone a complex tectonic evolution where slow WNW-ESE oblique convergence of Iberian and African plates coexists with a rapid westward rollback of a subducting slab. The inter-station distance allows us obtaining high-resolution images of the crustal structure essential to understand the tectonic evolution of the area and how the deformation produced by these processes is distributed among the involved geologic domains. This experiment was the results of a joint effort between the Instituto Andaluz de Geofísica (IAG), Granada University, and GFZ Potsdam. Waveform data are available from the GEOFON data centre, under network code 9H and are embargoed until Jan 2021.
# 5
Rietbrock, Andreas • Haberland, Christian • Bataille, Klaus • Lange, Dietrich • Dahm, Torsten
Abstract: Understanding the factors leading to large earthquakes in the coupling zone of convergent margins and their interrelation with surface deformation were the main aims of the international and interdisciplinary research initiative TIPTEQ (“From The Incoming Plate To megaThrust EarthQuake Processes”). Between Nov. 2004 and Oct. 2005 we deployed 2 temporary, amphibious seismic arrays in South-Central Chile. In this region the 1960 Mw = 9.5 earthquake nucleated. The northern network between 37° and 39°S was formed by up to 120 digitally recording land stations (equipped with short-period sensors) and 10 Ocean Bottom Seismometers/Hydrophones (OBS/OBH). Waveform data are available from the GEOFON data centre, under network code ZW, and are available under CC-BY 4.0 license according to GIPP-rules.
# 6
Dietze, Michael • Cook, Kristen L. • Hovius, Niels
Abstract: Cliffs line many erosional coastlines. Localized failures can cause land loss and hazard, and impact ecosystems and sediment routing. Links between cliff erosion and forcing mechanisms are poorly constrained, due to limitations of classic approaches. Combining multi-seasonal seismic and drone surveys, wave, precipitation and groundwater data we study drivers and triggers of seismically detected failures along the chalk cliffs on Germany's largest island, Rügen. The network consists of four (later five) seismic stations along the 8.6 km long chalk cliff coast. Waveform data are available from the GEOFON data centre, under network code 4K, and are embargoed until Jan 2021.
# 7
Lange, Dietrich • Cembrano, Jose • Sielfeld, Gerd
Abstract: The Liquiñe-Ofqui fault system (LOFS) in south-central Chile provides a natural laboratory to assess the interplay between magma/hydrothermal fluid flow and crustal deformation. Understanding these processes is of paramount importance for geothermal energy exploration and seismic hazard assessment. We deployed a dense seismic network (Sielfeld et al., 2019) at the northern termination of the LOFS in south-central Chile (~38°S) between 2014 March and 2015 June. The main aim was to better understand the significance and implications of seismic activity in relation to geological information such as the complex fault-fracture network, volcanoes, and the stress field estimated from geological data. As a result, the network was designed to monitor the northern segment of the LOFS on a more regional scale rather than concentration on the activity of one volcano. The network covered a ~200‐km‐long section of the Southern Volcanic Zone, including several Holocene stratovolcanoes (Callaqui, Copahue, Caviahue Caldera, Tolhuaca, Lonquimay, Llaima, Sierra Nevada, Sollipulli, Villarrica, Quetrupillán, Lanín (La), and Mocho‐Choshuenco). Waveform data are open and available under network code 3H from the GEOFON data centre under license CC BY 4.0.
# 8
Toledo, Tania • Gaucher, Emmanuel • Metz, Malte • Calò, Marco • Figueroa, Angel • (et. al.)
Abstract: Extensive passive seismic monitoring was carried out between September 2017 and September 2018 over the Los Humeros geothermal field in Mexico. This experiment, in addition to several geophysical, geological, and geochemical surveys was conducted in the framework of the European H2020 and Mexican CONACyT-SENER project GEMex for a better understanding of the structures and behavior of the local geothermal system currently under exploitation, and for investigating future development areas. 25 broadband stations (22 Trillium C-120s and 3 Trillium C-20 PH) recording at 200 Hz, and 20 short period stations (Mark L-4C-3D) recording at 100 Hz comprised the network which is sub-divided into two sub-networks. An inner and denser (~1.6-2 km inter-station distance) pseudo-rhomboidal array (27 stations) was laid out to cover the producing zone and retrieve local seismicity mainly associated to injection and production operations, and to comply with beamforming of ambient noise and time reverse imaging techniques. An outer and sparser (~5 km minimum spacing) array was placed at around 30 km radius surrounding the inner network, and was mainly dedicated to larger scale imaging techniques, such as seismic ambient noise tomography, and regional earthquakes tomography. The GEMex project is supported by the European Union’s Horizon 2020 programme for Research and Innovation under grant agreement No 727550 and the Mexican Energy Sustainability Fund CONACYT-SENER, project 2015-04-68074. Waveform data are available from the GEOFON data centre, under network code 6G and are embargoed until Jan 2023.
# 9
Burtin, Arnaud • Cook, Kristen • Chao, Wei-An • Chang, Jui-Ming • Odin, Marc • (et. al.)
Abstract: A line of 6 broadband seismometers have been deployed across a ridge in the Hualien County (Eastern Taiwan). From March 2015 to June 2016 the network has been continuously recording waves incoming from the Taiwanese regional seismicity. During that period, more than 2000 earthquakes with magnitudes Ml>3 and distant from less than 200km were recorded. The hill is well approximated by a triangular topography of 3600m in length by 900m in height. Waveform data are open and available from the GEOFON data centre, under network code 5K.
# 10
Lange, Dietrich • Soler, Vicente
Abstract: The unrest of el Hierro Islands started in 2011 with a submarine volcanic eruption. In order to better characterize unrest of El Hierro Island 9 landstations were installed on the Island of ElHierro (Figure 1) between March 2015 and June 2016. Waveform data are available from the GEOFON data centre, under network code 2L and are embargoed until Jan 2021.
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