42 documents found in 430ms
# 1
Steed, Robert • Fuenzalida, Amaya
Abstract: This archive contains datasets pertaining to the article "Crowdsourcing triggers rapid, reliable earthquake locations" by Steed et al. (2018). There is a dataset containing the European-Mediterranean Seismological Centre's detections of seismological events via crowdsourced methods (i.e. monitoring of internet traffic on the site www.emsc-csem.org, usage of the EMSC app LastQuake or monitoring of tweets containing earthquake related words). This dataset covers the years 2016 and 2017 and contains 2590 detections. The other dataset contains the raw results from testing the CsLoc system (Crowdseeded seismic Location) on the historical data of 2016 and 2017; this system is described in the article for which this dataset is supplemental material. This dataset was used for the creation of the results presented in the article. The archive contains more detailed descriptions of the datasets, which are stored in csv files, including the definition of column heads (*_dataset_description.csv). List of files:2018-068_Steed-et-al_README.txtcrowdsourced_detections_dataset.csvcrowdsourced_detections_dataset_descriptions.csvcrowdsourced_detections_auditting.txtCsLoc_publication_dataset.csvCsLoc_publication_dataset_descriptions.csv
# 2
Corbi, Fabio • Sandri, Laura • Bedford, Jonathan • Funiciello, Francesca • Brizzi, Silvia • (et. al.)
Abstract: This data set includes the results of digital image correlation of one experiment on subduction megathrust earthquakes with interacting asperities performed at the Laboratory of Experimental Tectonics (LET) Univ. Roma Tre in the framework of AspSync, the Marie Curie project (grant agreement 658034) lead by F. Corbi in 2016-2017. Detailed descriptions of the experiments and monitoring techniques can be found in Corbi et al. (2017 and 2019) to which this data set is supplementary material. We here provide Digital Image Correlation (DIC) data relative to a 7 min long interval during which the experiment 
produces 40 seismic cycles with average duration of about 10.5 s (see Figure S1 in Corbi et al., 2019). The DIC analysis yields quantitative about the velocity field characterizing two consecutive frames, measured in this case at the model surface. For a detailed description of the experimental procedure, set-up and materials used, please refer to the article of Corbi et al. (2017) paragraph 2. This data set has been used for: a) studying the correlation between apparent slip-deficit maps and earthquake slip pattern (see Corbi et al., 2019; paragraph 4); and b) as input for the Machine Learning investigation (see Corbi et al., 2019; paragraph 5). Further technical information about the methods, data products and matlab scripts is proviced in the data description file. The list of files explains the file and folder structure of the data set.
# 3
Gaudin, Damien • Cimarelli, Corrado
Abstract: Series of experiments to assess the role of pressure, mass of particles, and grain size distribution in the generation of charges and discharges during shock-tube experiments. Experiments have been achieved between 2017 and 2018 in the facilities of Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences - LMU München.This dataset contains:- an excel spreadsheet summarizing the 63 experiments in the database with their main characteristics- a pdf file for each experiment, with the waveforms of the main instruments used in the experiment (Pressure sensors and Faraday cage) as well as ellaborated data (total amount of charges and discharges, discharge size distribution.
Description of the raw file for each experiment (in CSV format). After the header, the columns display respectively: (1) the time [s](2) the static pressure within the autoclave [MPa](3) the voltage across the Faraday cage [V] on a low-sensitivity channel of the datalogger(4) the voltage across the Faraday cage [V] on a high-sensitivity channel of the datalogger that might saturate in some cases(5) the voltage across the lower antenna [V] as described in Cimarelli et al., 2014 (for some experiments only, otherwise the signal remains close to 0)(6) the voltage across the upper antenna [V] as described in Cimarelli et al., 2014 (for some experiments only, otherwise the signal remains close to 0)(7) the dynamic pressure at the exit of the nozzle [MPa](8) the trigger signal generated by the datalogger [V]
# 4
Wizemann, Hans-Dieter • Trebs, Ivonne • Wulfmeyer, Volker
Abstract: This dataset provides half-hourly surface energy balance measurements for a temperate grassland site in Luxembourg. The data were obtained during a field campaign in June and July 2015. The observations comprise multiple variables measurements by an Eddy-Covariance station, a net radiometer, soil moisture, temperature and soil heat flux probes and meteorological standard measurements. For details please see the reference article Renner et al. (2019, HESS) with the general setup described in Wizemann et al., 2015. The data are complemented by half-hourly model output of sensible and latent heat fluxes that are published as individual data publication (Renner et al., 2018).The data is provided as comma-separated-values (csv) format in a long table format. Columns represent Date, Time, variable, value, source. The column “variable” sets the name of the variable (following CEOP standards) with an information of the measurement depth for soil measurements. Column “source” describes the data source with an acronym(Observations “ObsEC”). The data contributes to the Joint Research Group "Catchments As Organized Systems" (CAOS) funded by the German Research Foundation. Methods: Eddy Covariance, Surface energy balance observations
# 5
Renner, Maik • Wizemann, Hans-Dieter • Brenner, Claire • Mallick, Kaniska • Trebs, Ivonne • (et. al.)
Abstract: This dataset provides half-hourly model output of sensible and latent heat fluxes simulated by three structurally different evapotranspiration schemes for a temperate grassland site in Luxembourg. All models use surface energy and meteorological observations as input. The observational data were collected during a field campaign in June and July 2015 and are distributed as complementary dataset by Wizemann et al., 2018. Two models are based on a parameterization of the sensible heat flux (OSEB, TSEB; see Brenner et al., 2017) and one model (STIC 1.2, Mallick et al., 2016) is a modification of the Penman-Monteith formulation using skin temperature as additional input variable. For details please see the reference article Renner et al., 2019, HESS. The data is provided as comma-separated-values (csv) format in a long table format. Columns represent Date, Time, variable, value, source. The column “variable” sets the name of the variable (following CEOP standards, https://www.eol.ucar.edu/field_projects/ceop). Column “source” describes the data source with an acronym representing the models (OSEB, TSEB, STIC). The data contributes to the Joint Research Group "Catchments As Organized Systems" (CAOS) funded by the German Research Foundation. Methods: land-surface modelling, evapotranspiration schemes
# 6
Corbi, Fabio • Xu, Wenbin • Rivalta, Eleonora • Jonsson, Sigurjon
Abstract: This dataset is supplementary material to the article by Xu et al. (2016) ‘Graben formation and dike arrest during the 2009 Harrat Lunayyir dike intrusion in Saudi Arabia: Insights from InSAR, stress calculations and analog experiments’. The Authors described the spatial and temporal effects of a propagating dike on crustal deformation, including the interaction with faulting, using a multidisciplinary approach. This supplementary material concerns the analog modelling part only. For a detailed description of the experimental procedure, set-up and materials used, please refer to the article of Xu et al. (2016; paragraph 5). The data available in this supplementary publication are: - A folder (2019-003_Corbi-et-al_Fig6.zip) containing: 1. top-view pictures (e.g. ‘lunayyr1_0025.JPG’) and displacement data obtained with MatPiv (e.g. ‘uun25.mat’ and ‘uvn25.mat’; dike parallel and orthogonal components; respectively) shown in figure 6 of Xu et al 2016. 2. a Matlab script (‘fig6_a_h.m’) that allows reproducing the same figure setup as in figure 6 panels a-h of Xu et al 2016. The thick red line highlights dike position. The background shading refers to dike orthogonal displacement. - A folder (2019-003_Corbi-et-al_PIV_data.zip) containing: 1. surface deformation data obtained with MatPiv. Each file (‘vel_fine_piv#.mat’) contains 4 elements (x, y, u, v) representing the coordinates and horizontal and vertical component of incremental velocity field organized in a 143 x 215 matrix; 2. the run_movie.m Matlab script. Running it the user can visualize the space-time evolution of cumulative surface displacement. The background shading refers to dike orthogonal component of displacement. The thick red line highlights dike position. - A folder (2019-003_Corbi-et-al_pictures.zip) containing the whole set of pictures from the experiment shown in Xu et al., 2016. - A movie (2019-003_Corbi-et-al_graben formation.mp4) obtained using the whole set of pictures (96 photos). The thick red line highlights dike position. The amount of dike opening is reported as header. - A movie (2019-003_Corbi-et-al_cum_displacement.mp4) showing the space-time evolution of cumulative surface displacement, where the background shading refers to dike orthogonal component of displacement. The thick red line highlights dike position.
# 7
Sembroni, Andrea • Kiraly, Agnes • Faccenna, Claudio • Funiciello, Francesca • Becker, Thorsten W. • (et. al.)
Abstract: We present videos and figures from 22 scaled analogue models used to investigate the interactions between a density anomaly rising in the mantle and the lithosphere in a Newtonian system. The experimental setup consists of a two layers viscous lithosphere-upper mantle system obtained by using silicone putty-glucose syrup in a tank sized 40 cm × 40 cm× 50 cm. Glucose syrup (i.e., mantle) is a Newtonian, low viscosity, high-density fluid while silicone putty (i.e., lithosphere) is a visco-elastic material that behaves in a quasi-Newtonian fashion. The mantle upwelling (i.e., plume head) is produced by a high viscosity, low-density silicone sphere with a constant radius (15 mm) rising through the mantle at an average rise velocity of ~2.6 mm/s. A side-view camera images the ascending path of the sphere, allowing to track the sphere location and compute its velocity. A top-view, 3-D scanner records the evolution of topography from which the lithospheric uplift rate is inferred. All details about the model set-up, modeling results and interpretation are detailed in Sembroni et al. (2017). The additional material presented in this publication includes 2 tables, 5 figures, and 23 time-lapse movie. The rheological properties of materials used in each model are listed in Table 1.Table 2 is an excel file where the raw data of the models are specified (i.e., bulge width, topography, and uplift rate). Such data have been obtained by the 3-D scanner and then processed by a MATLAB code.Figure 1, Figure 2, Figure 3, Figure 4, Figure 5 represent the 2-D topography evolution of the bulge in each experiment. Images have been grouped by considering the different experimental setups (i.e., homogeneous continental lithosphere - Figure 1, homogeneous oceanic lithosphere - Figure 2, low viscous decoupling layer - Figure 3, intermediate viscous decoupling layer - Figure 4, high viscous decoupling layer - Figure 5). Such figures consist of topographic profiles extracted from the surface obtained by the 3-D scanner in four different time steps (red numbers in the figures). 22 side-view videos (from Movie 1 to Movie 22) show the progress of the models from the releasing to the impingement of the sphere beneath the plate. The velocity of the video has been accelerated by a factor of 7. While, the first 22 movies show the evolution of the experiments, Movie 23 shows the mantle convective flow associated to the ascending path of the mantle upwelling. Such flow has been detected by tracking the bubbles inside the syrup. In this model, no lithosphere has been placed on top of the syrup.
# 8
Willingshofer, Ernst • Sokoutis, Dimitrios • Beekman, Fred • Schönebeck, Jan-Michael • Warsitzka, Michael • (et. al.)
Abstract: This dataset provides friction data from ring-shear tests (RST) on feldspar sand and quartz sand, which are used to simulate brittle behaviour in crust- and lithosphere-scale analogue experiments at the Tectonic Laboratory (TecLab), Utrecht University (NL) (Willingshofer et al., 2005; Willingshofer & Sokoutis, 2009; Athmer et al., 2010; Luth et al., 2010; Fernández-Lozano et al., 2011; Leever et al., 2011; Sokoutis & Willingshofer, 2011; Fernández-Lozano et al., 2012; Luth et al., 2013; Munteanu et al., 2013; Willingshofer et al., 2013; Munteanu et al., 2014; Calignano et al., 2015a, b; Ortner et al., 2015; Gabrielsen et al., 2016; Calignano et al., 2017; van Gelder et al., 2017; Wang et al., 2017; Beniest et al., 2018 ). The materials have been characterized by means of internal friction coefficients µ and cohesions C as a remote service by the Helmholtz Laboratory for Tectonic Modelling (HelTec) at the GFZ German Research Centre for Geosciences in Potsdam. According to our analysis both materials show a Mohr-Coulomb behaviour characterized by a linear failure envelope. Peak, dynamic and reactivation friction coefficients of the feldspar sand are µP = 0.68, µD = 0.55, and µR = 0.61, respectively. Friction coefficients of the quartz sand are µP = 0.63, µD = 0.48, and µR = 0.52, respectively. Cohesions of the feldspar sand and the quartz sand are in the order of few tens of Pa. A minor rate-weakening of 1% per ten-fold rate change is evident for the feldspar sand, whereas the quartz sand shows a significant rate weakening of ~5%. Further information about materical characteristics, measurement procedures, sample preparation, the RST (Ring-shear test) and VST (Velocity stepping test) procedure, as well as the analysed method is proviced in the data description file. The list of files explains the file and folder structure of the data set.
# 9
Broerse, Taco • Norder, Ben • Picken, Stephen • Govers, Rob • Willingshofer, Ernst • (et. al.)
Abstract: This dataset provides strain and strain rate data on mixtures of plasticine, silicone oils and iron powder that has been used in slab break-of analogue experiments in the Tectonic Laboratory (TecLab) at Utrecht University (NL) as an analogue for viscously deforming lithosphere. The materials have been analyzed in a creep and recovery test, applying a parallel plate setup using an AR-G2 rheometer (by TA Instruments). The materials can in general be described as viscoelastic materials with a power-law rheology (see previous work on plasticine-silicone polymer mixtures Weijermars [1986], Sokoutis [1987], Boutelier et al. [2008]). For a couple of the tested materials we find a complementary Newtonian behavior at the low end of the tested stress levels, with a transition to power-law behavior at increasing stress. Furthermore, the materials exhibit elastic and anelastic (recoverable) deformation. The corresponding paper (Broerse et al., 2018) describes the rheology, while this supplement describes the raw data and important details of the measurement setup. The raw data concerns mostly (uncorrected) strain and strain rate data. The rheometry has been performed at the Advanced Soft Matter group at the Department of Chemical Engineering, Delft University of Technology, The Netherlands.
# 10
McBeck, Jessica • Cooke, Michele • Souloumiac, Pauline • Maillot, Bertrand • Mary, Baptiste
Abstract: Tracking the evolution of the deformational energy budget within accretionary systems provides insight into the driving mechanisms that control fault development. To quantify the impact of these mechanisms on overall system efficiency, we estimate energy budget components as the first thrust fault pair develops in dry-sand accretion analogue experiments. This data set includes photos taken and forces measured in four experiments performed at Université de Cergy-Pontoise in October-November 2016. The experiments are described in McBeck et al. (submitted). The data are organized into 5 main folders, with the following contents:1) E373_photos: Contains 3 subfolders: droit_RDY, gauche_RDY, haut_RDY. Each subfolder contains images taken at 1 second intervals throughout experiment. droit_RDY, gauche_RDY, and haut_RDY contain photos of the right, left, and top of the sandpack.2) E374_photos: Same organization and contents of folder E373_photos3) E375_photos: Same organization and contents of folder E373_photos4) E376_photos: Same organization and contents of folder E373_photos5) forces: Contains text files that list the normal force against the backwall (N) and total applied normal displacement to the backwall (mm) in the second and first columns, respectively. The filename indicates which experiment the text file describes.
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