57 documents found in 219ms
# 1
Asch, G. • Tilmann, F. • Heit, B. • Schurr, B.
Abstract: On 1st April, 23:46:50 UTC, an Mw 8.1 earthquake ruptured offshore northern Chile, near the town of Pisagua northwest of Iquique, followed one day later by a Mw7.6 event, both events in the centre of the Integrated Plate boundary Observatory Chile (IPOC). These earthquakes occurred within a seismic gap left behind by two great earthquakes devastating the northern Chilean and southern Peruvian coast about 140 years ago in 1868 and 1877. The segment inbetween, about 500 km long, was the only one along the Chilean subduction zone that has not ruptured within the last century. The earthquakes were recorded by the IPOC multi-parameter stations plus several additional off-line strong- and weak-motion instruments. A network of GPS monuments covering the onshore region deformed by the earthquake was measured just weeks before the event by GFZ scientists. Taking advantage of the long history of preceding work, presence of the permanent multi-parameter network and excellent knowledge of GFZ scientists of the region, a 20 short-period seismograph network was installed to complement the existing pre- and co-seismic data sets. This campaign was the first case for the „HAzard-Risk-Team (HART)“ initiative of GFZ. Stations operated from mid April 2014, i.e. shortly after the mainshock, to January 2016.
# 2
Lühr, Birger • Ibanez, Jesus M. • Dahm, Torsten
Abstract: The TOMO-ETNA experiment was focused on the base of generation and acquisition of seismic signal (active and passive) at Mt. Etna volcano and surrounding area. The terrestrial campaign consists in the deployment of 80 short-period three-component seismic stations (June 15 to July24), 17 Broadband seismometers (June 15 to October 30) provided by Helmholtz Centre Potsdam (GFZ) German Research Centre for Geosciences using the German Geophysical Instrument Pool Potsdam (GIPP Gerätepool Geophysik), and the coordination with 133 permanent seismic station belonging to the “Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia” (INGV) of Italy. This temporary seismic network recorded active and passive seismic sources. Active seismic sources were generated by an array of air-guns mounted in the Spanish Oceanographic vessel “Sarmiento de Gamboa” with a power capacity of up to 5.200 cubic inches. In total more than 26.000 shots were fired and more than 450 local and regional earthquakes were recorded. Until July the Oceanographic Vessel “Sarmiento de Gamboa” and the hydrographic vessel “Galatea” were responsible for the offshore activities, that included deployment of OBSs, and several marine activities. The vessel “Aegaeo” performed additional seismic, magnetic and gravimetric experiments until the end of November 2014. This experiment was part of the “Task 5.3 - Mt. Etna structure” of the “EU MED-SUV Project” concerned with the investigation of Mt. Etna volcano (seismic tomography experiment - TOMO-ETNA) by means of passive and active refraction/reflection seismic methods. It focused on the investigation of Etna’s roots and surrounding areas by means of passive and active seismic methods. Therefore, this experiment included activities both on-land and offshore with the main objective to obtain a new high-resolution tomography in order to improve the 3D image of the crustal structures existing beneath the Etna volcano and the northeast Sicily (Peloritani - Nebrodi chain) up to the Aeolian Islands. Waveform data are open and available from the GEOFON data centre, under network code 1T.
# 3
Balling, Niels • Tilmann, Frederik • Kind, Rainer
Abstract: This project investigates the crust and upper mantle along a north-south oriented, about 350 km long profile from around the town of Ringkøbing in western Jutland to south of Hamburg in northwestern Germany, with a focus on teleseismic receiver functions and seismic tomography. A number of tectonic processes have affected the crust and uppermost mantle beneath southern Scandinavia and northern Germany: Precambrian crustal accretion in southern Baltica, Caledonian collision between Baltica and Avalonia along the Tornquist Suture Zone (TSZ), followed by Variscan collision and formation of the North German and the Norwegian-Danish basins, and more recent magmatic activity to the south. This study is particularly focused on the closure of the Tornquist Sea and the Caledonian collision between Baltica and Avalonia. A total of 29 stations, provided by GFZ and the University of Aarhus, were deployed between autumn 2010 and summer 2012, of which 25 form the main profile, and 4 are positioned in an off-line location. Waveform data are available from the GEOFON data centre, under network code ZW, and are available under CC-BY 4.0 license according to GIPP-rules.
# 4
Kufner, Sofia-Katerina • Kakar, Najibullah • Murodkulov, Shokhruhk • Schurr, Bernd • Yuan, Xiaohui • (et. al.)
Abstract: The Pamir-Hindu Kush region of Tajikistan and NE Afghanistan stands out due to its worldwide unique zone of intense intermediate depth seismicity, accommodating frequent Mw 7+ earthquakes with hypocenters reaching down to 250 km depth. With this network we aim to collect data allowing to characterize the active deformation within the Hindu Kush mountains and the Tajik-Afghan basin at the northwestern tip of the India-Asia collision zone. The network consists 15 sites (14 stations in Afghanistan, 1 station in Tajikistan), situated on top of the nest of intermediate depth seismicity and further west in the Afghan platform. The stations are equipped with short period Mark seismometers and Cube data recorders. Waveform data are available from the GEOFON data centre, under network code 4C, and are embargoed until 2023. After the end of embargo, data will be openly available under CC-BY 4.0 license according to GIPP-rules.
# 5
Ritter, J. R. R. • Schmidt, B. • Haberland, C. • Weber, M.
Abstract: A seismological experiment was started in July 2014 in and around the East Eifel Volcanic Field, Germany. Following two unusually deep micro-earthquakes in September 2013 (about 40 km depth) a seismic network was installed to record more local seismic events in order to better understand the seismicity and dynamics of this region. Ten recording stations of the GFZ GIPP (Geophysical Instrument Pool Potsdam at Helmholtz Centre Potsdam, GFZ German Research Centre for Geosciences) and three recording stations of the KIT KABBA (Karlsruhe BroadBand Array at Karlsruhe Institute of Technology) were placed between the permanent stations of the state earthquake survey (Landeserdbebendienst). Altogether about 18-20 short-period and broadband stations could be used to study the seismicity up to August 2016. This dataset is unique concerning the station density in this region and allows determination of hypocenter parameters with high precision and accuracy, estimation of the local crustal and upper mantle structure as well as using array techniques for wavelengths of about 10-50 km. After August 2016 the network was reconfigured and continuously updated by KIT-GPI and LGB. Waveform data is available from the GEOFON data centre, under network code 1P, and is embargoed until September 2020.
# 6
Passarelli, Luigi • Govoni, Aladino • Francesco, Maccaferri • Woith, Heiko • Strollo, Angelo • (et. al.)
Abstract: The aim of this temporary experiment is to monitor the interaction between crustal fluids and earthquake occurrence. Two sites have been initially investigated: one is in the eastern sector of the Pollino mountain range, located at the border of Southern Apennines chain and Calabrian arc and the other is Mefite d'Ansanto moffete, one of the largest non-volcanic CO_2 emission in the world and located in Irpinia area, in the southern Apennines. The seismicity in the eastern sector of the Pollino range is very low except for a deep (>20km) earthquake swarm which started in the middle of September 2017 and lasted for some weeks with events up to Ml=2.7. The Mefite d'Ansanto site sits at the northern end of the northern fault activated by the M_w 6.8 Irpinia earthquake in 1980 and in the well-known thermal anomaly area of the Mt. Forcuso. A ~10km radius area around Mefite steems out for a very low seismicity rate compared with the high seismicity activity of this portion of Southern Apennines. In the frame of a long-term collaborative efforts made by the German Research Centre for Geoscience (GFZ) and the Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia (INGV) in the Pollino area a temporary network has been deployed to analyze the low earthquakes rate, the seismogenic structures and a possible signature of interaction with fluids redistribution within the crust. The temporary network consists of 3 seismic stations equipped with Trillium compact 120 sec. sensors and DCube digitizers using also CCube modules for real time data transmission. One single station with similar hardware has been used also to monitor the Mefite d'Ansanto in the Irpinia area with similar aim. Data is available from the GEOFON data centre, under network code YZ, and is embargoed until three years after the end of the experiments.
# 7
Lauterjung, J. • Pittore, M. • Bindi, D. • Boxberger, T. • Fleming, K. • (et. al.)
Abstract: Building monitoring and decentralized, on-site Earthquake Early Warning system for the Kyrgyz capital Bishkek. Several low cost sensors equipped with MEMS accelerometers have been installed in eleven buildings within the urban area of the city. The different sensing units communicate with each other via wireless links and the seismic data are streamed in real-time to data centres at GFZ and the Central Asian Institute for Applied Geoscience (CAIAG) using internet. Since each sensing unit has its own computing capabilities, software for data processing can be installed to perform decentralised actions. In particular, each sensing unit can perform event detection tasks and run software for on-site early warning. If a description for the vulnerability of the building is uploaded to the sensing unit, this can be exploited to introduce the expected probability of damage in the early-warning protocol customized for a specific structure. Waveform data are available from the GEOFON data centre, under network code KD.
# 8
Lauterjung, J. • Pittore, M. • Bindi, D. • Boxberger, T. • Fleming, K. • (et. al.)
Abstract: Earthquake Early Warning and Rapid Response Systems (EEWRRS) should be a viable complement to other disaster risk reduction strategies, particularly in economically developing countries. The „Early Warning and Impact Forecasting“ group (GFZ, section 2.6) is actively involved in the development of novel strategies to develop scientific and technological solutions that may be efficiently applied in countries with limited resources. The proposed solution includes a risk estimation module that extracts from a portfolio of precomputed impact scenarios those matching the characterization of the event detected by an optimized real-time monitoring network. The real-time network integrates both local, on-site components based on low-cost, smart sensor platforms, as well as regional, sparse strong-motion stations. This hybrid solution allows for the optimization of the lead-time and is tailored to the seismotectonic features of the considered region. A prototype EEWRR System is being developed for the Kyrgyz Republic, with the support of the partner CAIAG and in collaboration with the Ministry of Emergency Solutions of the Government of the Kyrygz Republic (MES). Waveform data are available from the GEOFON data centre, under network code AD.
# 9
Pittore, M. • Boxberger, T. • Fleming, K. • Megalooikonomou, K. • Parolai, S. • (et. al.)
Abstract: DESTRESS is a Horizon-2020 supported project (Topic: Demonstration of renewable electricity and heating/cooling technologies) that is concerned with creating EGS (enhanced geothermal systems) for the more economical, sustainable and environmentally responsible exploitation of underground heat. The international consortium, representing academic, geothermal sites and industry, will utilize the latest developments in the use of hydraulic, chemical and thermal treatments for enhancing the productivity of geothermal reservoirs, with considerable interaction with various interests groups and the thorough assessment of the associated risk, in particular that associated with induced seismicity. The GFZ workgroup "Early warning and Impact Forecasting" is involved in the exposure modelling, vulnerability analysis and building monitoring of communities near geothermal production facilities, making use of tools developed both in previous and ongoing projects. Waveform data are available from the GEOFON data centre, under network code 2D, and are embargoed until Aug 2024.
# 10
Lauterjung, J. • Pilz, M. • Petryna, Y. • Boxberger, T. • Orunbaev, S. • (et. al.)
Abstract: The MI-DAM project will develop a robust, low-cost, and adaptable system that includes an early warning element and time-variable fragility functions. The system will continuously monitor the health of hydroelectric dams and the surrounding slopes, undertake on-site processing of recordings by multi-parameter sensors, and forward the most relevant information to response centers (e.g., civil protection). As an example, the project will focus on the Toktogul dam in Central Kyrgyzstan. Waveform data are available from the GEOFON data centre, under network code 1M, and is embargoed until Aug 2024.
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