351 documents found in 322ms
# 1
Fagel, Natalie • Alleman, Laurent • Granina, L • Hatert, F • Thamo-Boszo, Edit • (et. al.)
Abstract: In order to get a complete geochemical signature, 14 P-rich concretions, chosen among the different cores, were acid digested (Table 3a and Table 3b). In a clean laboratory, 1.7 to 36 mg of concretions were digested overnight in a concentrated mixture of Suprapur acid (3 ml HCl/2 ml HNO3/1 ml HF) at 90 °C in sealed Teflon beakers. After evaporation to dryness, the residue was dissolved in 2.5 ml of 2% HNO3 Suprapur and diluted to 12 ml with Milli-Q water. During the same procedure, we have also dissolved and analysed, for comparison, a pure vivianite from Anlua, Cameroon (tubular crystals, MRAC collection).
# 2
KTB, WG Geochemistry
Abstract: The qualitative and quantitative phase analyses were performed in the KTB field laboratory by x-ray powder diffraction using SIEMENS D 500 diffractometer. During early stages of the KTB project a new method for quantitative phase analysis was developed (see references below). The method is based on the comparison of the diffraction spectrum of the unknown sample with those of pure minerals. The powder diffraction data of the minerals are stored in a database built up of 250 natural minerals separated from various types of igneous and metamorphic rocks. The complete analyses (radiation: Cu K alpha, lambda: 1,5405Å, stepwidth: 0,01°, counting time 2 sec/step, angle 2-80°) was carried out automatically including computations. The results of this quantitative phase analysis were used e.g. to check thin section petrography (and vice versa) and to construct a \"mineralogical rock composition log\".
# 3
Swann, George • Mackay, Anson • Leng, Melanie • Demory, Francois
Abstract: C/N mass ratios remain constant throughout MIS 3 and into MIS 2, with values between 6.3 and 8.9, indicating no significant terrestrial input of organic matter (Fig. 3). Low %TOC values during the interstadial increase from 0.4 to 0.7 between 57.8 and 43.7 kyr BP with a concurrent gradual increase in δ13C(organic) amid oscillations between −23.2‰ and −26.1‰ (Fig. 3). %TOC falls to 0.4 between 40.9 and 39.4 kyr BP whereas δ13C(organic) remains high at c. 24‰ with a peak value of −23.6‰ at 39.4 kyr BP. The subsequent two-stage increase in %TOC from 39 to 37.9 kyr BP and between 37.3 and 36.9 kyr BP is marked by a period of δ13C(organic) lowering to c. −26.6‰ before δ13C(organic) increases after 37.9 kyr BP to −24.8‰, values comparable to those prior to the %TOC decline at 40.9 kyr BP.
# 4
Demory, Francois • Oberhänsli, Hedi • Nowaczyk, Norbert • Gottschalk, Matthias • Wirth, Richard • (et. al.)
Abstract: No significant HIRM change is observed at the transition between oxidising and reducing conditions in the sediment (Fig. 9A). This implies that HIRM is not affected by redox conditions and further confirms that the “hard” magnetic mineral content is the best tracer of detrital input (Peck et al., 1994). On the other hand, the S-ratio seems to be related to the redox conditions in the sediment (see Section 7.2). The ARM has also to be considered with caution as it is mainly influenced by the ferrimagnetic contribution, which is itself influenced by post depositional processes. This is seen in Fig. 9 where ARM variations are partly influenced by S-ratio variations.
# 5
Swann, George • Mackay, Anson • Leng, Melanie • Demory, Francois
Abstract: All diatoms in the analysed section were extensively affected by dissolution with only c. 1% of valves in a “pristine” condition. Diatom concentrations were generally extremely low throughout MIS 3 and across the MIS 3/2 transition with samples containing a mixture of extant and extinct species (Fig. 4).
# 6
KTB, WG Geophysics
Abstract: In the laboratory, the gamma radiation is measured by a sodium iodtite (NaI) scintillation detector (cores and cuttings) and by a germanium (Ge) semiconductor detector (cuttings). The cuttings are measured in air tight Marinelli-beakers with a volume of 250 cm3. For the core measurements a special, automatically operating equipment with three NaI detectors is used. A description of this apparatus is given in Wienand et al. (1989). The principle of measurements with the Ge-detector is described by Bücker et al. (1991).The measured spectra are calibrated by a standard of Luvarovite (NIM-L, South African Bureau of Standards). The influence of the local terrestrial radiation on the measurements has been corrected. Especially for the core measurements a calibration procedure has been performed for geometric corrections (core diameter and length). In general, a measuring time of 12 h for the NaI-detector and 2 h for the Ge-detector was chosen.
# 7
KTB, WG Geophysics
Abstract: The thermal conductivity on cores is measured in two steps (see Pribnow 1994). First, one face end of the core is sawed and polished. The half space line source is pressed against this preparated face (without further contact medium like water) by a computerized device. The position of the heat source is varied in 15 degree intervals around one semicircle. At each position, 3 repeating measurements are performed. The line source azimuth of the lowest measured thermal conductivity is the strike of the foliation plane. On the other hand, the thermal conductivity is maximal parallel to that direction. This apparent paradox can be explained by the experimental method, because the measurement plane is perpendicular to the orientation of the line source (Pribnow 1994).In a second step a calotte plane perpendicular to the strike of foliation is prepared. A second series of thermal conductivity measurements in 15 degree intervals ...
# 8
KTB, WG Geochemistry
Abstract: Geochemical Analysis of Anions of Mud Samples of the KTB Main Hole HB1h.
# 9
KTB, WG Geochemistry
Abstract: Geochemical Analysis of Anions of Mud Samples of the KTB Main Hole HB1a.
# 10
KTB, WG Geophysics
Abstract: The thermal conductivity on cores is measured in two steps (see Pribnow 1994). First, one face end of the core is sawed and polished. The half space line source is pressed against this preparated face (without further contact medium like water) by a computerized device. The position of the heat source is varied in 15 degree intervals around one semicircle. At each position, 3 repeating measurements are performed. The line source azimuth of the lowest measured thermal conductivity is the strike of the foliation plane. On the other hand, the thermal conductivity is maximal parallel to that direction. This apparent paradox can be explained by the experimental method, because the measurement plane is perpendicular to the orientation of the line source (Pribnow 1994).In a second step a calotte plane perpendicular to the strike of foliation is prepared. A second series of thermal conductivity measurements in 15 degree intervals ...
spinning wheel Loading next page