11 documents found in 414ms
# 1
Albert, Francisca
Abstract: This data set includes movies and images of sandbox experiments aiming at understainding the process of subduction erosion at active plate margins (Albert, 2013). Four experiments are documented by means of movies showing the evolution of a strong wedge (sand-sugar mix, “Reference experiment.avi”), a weak wedge (sand only, “F1 experiment.avi”) and two successive phases of a wedge that undergoes subduction erosion by subducting topographic highs (first stage without subducting topography= “HL.1 experiment.avi” and second stage with subducting topography = “HL.2 experiment.avi”). Images of preliminary tests and experiments not considered in Albert (2013) are given in “Appendix A2.2.pdf” (small box experiments) and “Appendix A3.3.pdf” (experiments varying friction and slope).
# 2
Pittore, Massimiliano • Ozturk, Ugur • Moldobekov, Bolot • Saponaro, Annamaria
Abstract: The EMCA landslide catalog of Central Asia covers mostly western and northern Kyrgyzstan as well as Tajikistan's Region of Republican Subordination. The catalog is a summary (point locations) of the documented landslides between 1954 and 2009, which are collected by the Central Asian Institute for Applied Geosciences through geological surveys (field campaigns) on single sites close to urban areas in order to mitigate landslide risk. The catalog is presented in identical .csv and NetCDF (.nc) formats. Both the formats include the point locations of the landslides (variables: latitude [WGS 84], longitude [WGS 84]), and the dates of about 5% of the landslides (variable: date). The remaining %95 of the data is undated and marked as NaT (dating not possible). These documented landslides mostly happened on soft and semi-hard rock layers within the areas made of Mesozoic-Cenozoic formations: these formation are represented mainly by layers of clays, argillites, siltstones, sandstones, marls, limestone, gypsum and conglomerates, which are mostly covered by Quaternary loess deposits (Kalmetieva et al., 2009, p.75). The EMCA landslide catalog is far from being a complete datasets for the entire region, since majority of the area is inaccessible or hard to reach due to mountainous relief, which in turn decreases the chance of collecting information about ancient as well as modern landslides through field campaigns.
# 3
Blanchet, Cécile L.
Abstract: The database presented here contains radiogenic neodymium and strontium isotope ratios measured on both terrestrial and marine sediments. It was compiled to help assessing sediment provenance and transport processes for various time intervals. This can be achieved by either mapping sediment isotopic signature and/or fingerprinting source areas using statistical tools (see supplemental references). The database has been built by incorporating data from the literature and the SedDB database and harmonizing the metadata, especially units and geographical coordinates. The original data were processed in three steps. Firstly, a specific attention has been devoted to provide geographical coordinates to each sample in order to be able to map the data. When available, the original geographical coordinates from the reference (generally DMS coordinates, with different precision standard) were transferred into the decimal degrees system. When coordinates were not provided, an approximate location was derived from available information in the original publication. Secondly, all samples were assigned a set of standardized criteria that help splitting the dataset in specific categories. We defined categories associated with the sample location ("Region", "Sub-region", "Location", which relate to location at continental to city/river scale) or with the sample types (terrestrial samples – “aerosols”, “soil sediments”, “river sediments” - or marine samples –“marine sediment” or “trap sample”). Thirdly, samples were discriminated according to their deposition age, which allowed to compute average values for specific time intervals (see attached table "Age_determination_Sediment_Cores.csv"). The dataset will be updated bi-annually and might be extended to reach a global geographical extent and/or add other type of samples. This dataset contains two csv tables: "Dataset_Nd_Sr_isotopes.csv" and "Age_determination_Sediment_Cores.csv". "Dataset_Nd_Sr_isotopes.csv" contains the assembled dataset of marine and terrestrial Nd and/or Sr concentration and isotopes, together with sorting criteria and geographical locations. "Age_determination_Sediment_Cores.csv" contains all background information concerning the determination of the isotopic signature of specific time intervals (depth interval, number of samples, mean and standard deviation). Column headers are explained in respective metadata comma-separated files. A human readable data description is provided in portable document format, as well. Finally, R code for mapping the data and running statistical analyses is also available for this dataset (see supplemental references).
# 4
Schuessler, Jan A. • von Blanckenburg, Friedhelm • Bouchez, Julien • Hewawasam, Tilak • Uhlig, David
Abstract: The dataset contains chemical analyses from the well-characterised Hakgala field site in the tropical Highlands of Sri Lanka. This site is located on a road cut between Nuwara Elia and Welimada (06.92923° N, 80.81834° E, 1753 m altitude), bordering a 12 km^2 natural forest reserve consisting of pristine, mature, stable upper montane rain forest, close to the Hakgala Botanical Garden. A deeply weathered regolith depth profile (ca. 10 m) developed on a hillslope underlain by charnockite bedrock. Adjacent to the regolith profile ecologically pristine catchments (>1 km^2) are drained by small creeks. Here, data on samples of all compartments of the Critical Zone (defined as the near surface layer of the Earth extending from the bottom of the weathering zone to the top of the tree canopy) are reported. The dataset compiles published (Hewawasam et al., 2013, GCA, 118, 202-230) and new data (Schuessler et al., 2018, Chemical Geology) of element concentrations, stable Mg isotopes, and radiogenic Sr isotope ratios on stream water (time series sampling 2010-2013), vegetation, soil, saprolite (depth profile sampling), weathered bedrock (corestones), and unweathered bedrock. From this data, weathering indicators such as the chemical depletion fraction (CDF) and the element mass transfer coefficients (Tau) were calculated and reported in the dataset. The samples used for these analyses have been assigned with International Geo Sample Numbers (IGSN, www.igsn.org). Details on sampling locations are provided via IGSN links in the tables and in the related work section on the DOI Landing Page at GFZ Data Services. Moreover, the IGSN data can be accessed by adding the IGSN after igsn.org, e.g. igsn.org/GFFB1003V. Further details on sampling and locations are provided in Hewawasam et al. (2013, GCA, 118, 202-230). This publication contains an annotated summary table serving as a supplementary table for Schuessler et al. (2018, Chemical Geology) in pdf and xlsx (Microsoft Excel) formats. In addition, separate tables reflecting differing samples and methodologies for input into statistical software are provided as comma separated files. Column headers for all tables are explained in a separate csv file (Data columns headers for tables S1 to S3.csv). The analytical methodologies used to generate the data are described in the data description file.
# 5
Oeser, Ralf A. • Stroncik, Nicole • Moskwa, Lisa-Marie • Bernhard, Nadine • Schaller, Mirjam • (et. al.)
Abstract: The Chilean Coastal Cordillera features a spectacular climate and vegetation gradient, ranging from arid and unvegetated areas in the north to humid and forested areas in the south. The DFG Priority Program "EarthShape" (Earth Surface Shaping by Biota) uses this natural gradient to investigate how climate and biological processes shape the Earth's surface. We explored the critical zone, the Earth's uppermost layer, in four key sites located in desert, semidesert, mediterranean, and temperate climate zones of the Coastal Cordillera, with the focus on weathering of granitic rock. Here, we present first results from four ~2m-deep regolith profiles to document: (1) architecture of weathering zone; (2) degree and rate of rock weathering, thus the release of mineral-derived nutrients to the terrestrial ecosystems; (3) denudation rates; and (4) microbial abundances of bacteria and archaea in the saprolite. From north to south, denudation rates from cosmogenic nuclides are ~10 t km-2 yr-1 at the arid Pan de Azúcar site, ~20 t km-2 yr-1 at the semi-arid site of Santa Gracia, ~60 t km-2 yr-1 at the mediterranean climate site of La Campana, and ~30 t km-2 yr-1 at the humid site of Nahuelbuta. A and B horizons increase in thickness and elemental depletion or enrichment increases from north (~26 °S) to south (~38 °S) in these horizons. Differences in the degree of chemical weathering, quantified by the chemical depletion fraction (CDF), are significant only between the arid and sparsely vegetated site and the other three sites. Differences in the CDF between the sites, and elemental depletion within the sites are sometimes smaller than the variations induced by the bedrock heterogeneity. Microbial abundances (bacteria and archaea) in saprolite substantially increase from the arid to the semi-arid sites. With this study, we provide a comprehensive dataset characterizing the Critical Zone geochemistry in the Chilean Coastal Cordillera. This dataset confirms climatic controls on weathering and denudation rates and provides prerequisites to quantify the role of biota in future studies. The data are supplementary material to Oeser et al. (2018). All samples are assigned with International Geo Sample Numbers (IGSN), a globally unique and persistent Identifier for physical samples. The IGSNs are provided in the data tables and link to a comprehensive sample description in the internet. The content of the eight data tables is: Table S1: Catena properties of the four primary EarthShape study areas.Table S2: Major and selected trace element concentration for bedrock samples.Table S3 Normative modal abundance of rock-forming minerals.Table S4: Major and selected trace element concentration for regolith samples and dithionite and oxalate soluble pedogenic oxides.Table S5: Weathering indices CDF and CIA, and the mass transfer coefficients (��) for major and trace elements along with volumetric strain (ɛ).Table S6: Chemical weathering and physical erosion ratesTable S7: Relative microbial abundances in saprolite of the four study areas.Table S8: Uncorrected major and trace element concentration. The data tables are provided as one Excel file with eight spreadsheets, as individual tables in .csv format in a zipped archive and as printable PDF versions in a zipped archive.
# 6
Bernhard, Nadine • Moskwa, Lisa-Marie • Schmidt, Karsten • Oeser, Ralf A. • Aburto, Felipe • (et. al.)
Abstract: The effects of climate and topography on soil physico-chemical and microbial parameters were studied along an extensive latitudinal climate gradient in the Coastal Cordillera of Chile (26° - 38°S). The study sites encompass arid (Pan de Azúcar), semiarid (Santa Gracia), mediterranean (La Campana) and humid (Nahuelbuta) climates and vegetation, ranging from arid desert, dominated by biological soil crusts (biocrusts), semiarid shrubland and mediterranean sclerophyllous forest, where biocrusts are present but do have a seasonal pattern to temperate-mixed forest, where biocrusts only occur as an early pioneering development stage after disturbance. All soils originate from granitic parent materials and show very strong differences in pedogenesis intensity and soil depth. Most of the investigated physical, chemical and microbiological soil properties showed distinct trends along the climate gradient. Further, abrupt changes between the arid northernmost study site and the other semi-arid to humid sites can be shown, which indicate non-linearity and thresholds along the climate gradient. Clay and total organic carbon contents (TOC) as well as Ah horizons and solum depths increased from arid to humid climates, whereas bulk density (BD), pH values and base saturation (BS) decreased. These properties demonstrate the accumulation of organic matter, clay formation and element leaching as key-pedogenic processes with increasing humidity. However, the soils in the northern arid climate do not follow this overall latitudinal trend, because texture and BD are largely controlled by aeolian input of dust and sea salts spray followed by the formation of secondary evaporate minerals. Total soil DNA concentrations and TOC increased from arid to humid sites, while areal coverage by biocrusts exhibited an opposite trend. Relative bacterial and archaeal abundances were lower in the arid site, but for the other sites the local variability exceeds the variability along the climate gradient. Differences in soil properties between topographic positions were most pronounced at the study sites with the mediterranean and humid climate, whereas microbial abundances were independent on topography across all study sites. In general, the regional climate is the strongest controlling factor for pedogenesis and microbial parameters in soils developed from the same parent material. Topographic position along individual slopes of limited length augmented this effect only under humid conditions, where water erosion likely relocated particles and elements downward. The change from alkaline to neutral soil pH between the arid and the semi-arid site coincided with qualitative differences in soil formation as well as microbial habitats. This also reflects non-linear relationships of pedogenic and microbial processes in soils depending on climate with a sharp threshold between arid and semi-arid conditions. Therefore, the soils on the transition between arid and semi-arid conditions are especially sensitive and may be well used as indicators of long and medium-term climate changes. Concluding, the unique latitudinal precipitation gradient in the Coastal Cordillera of Chile is predestined to investigate the effects of the main soil forming factor – climate – on pedogenic processes. The data presented here is part of the German-Chilean Priority Program “EarthShape” (Earth Surface Shaping by Biota), funded by the German Research Foundation (DFG). We provide the basic background data, which includes investigations into the influence of climate, vegetation and topography on pedogenesis and microbial abundances. The data are supplementary material to Bernhard et al. (2018). All tables are available as one Excel file, as individual tables in .csv format in a zipped archive and as PDF file. The samples are assigned with International Geo Sample Numbers (IGSN) and linked to a comprehensive sample description in the internet. The content of the five data tables is:Table S1: Soil profile field description for the EarthShape study sitesTable S2: Soil physico-chemical properties for the depth increment samples in the four study sitesTable S3: Soil physico-chemical properties for the horizon samples in the four study sitesTable S4: Relative microbial abundances in the four study sitesTable S5: Plant species and abundance (% cover) in the four study sites
# 7
Dietze, Michael
Abstract: Environmental seismoloy is a scientific field that studies the seismic signals, emitted by Earth surface processes. This R package eseis provides all relevant functions to read/write seismic data files, prepare, analyse and visualise seismic data, and generate reports of the processing history. eseis contains a growing set of function to handle the complete workflow of environmental seismology, i.e., the scientific field that studies the seismic signals that are emitted by Earth surface processes. The package supports reading the two most common seismic data formats, general functions for preparational and analytical signal processing aswell as specified functions for handling signals generated by Earth surface processes. Finally, graphical plot functions are provided, too. The software package contains 51 functions and two example data sets (eseis-supplementary_material.zip). It makes use of a series of dependency packages described in the DESCRIPTION file of the package.
# 8
Franz, Daniela • Mammarella, Ivan • Boike, Julia • Kirillin, Georgiy • Vesala, Timo • (et. al.)
Abstract: The dataset comprises three tables: - Data Set 1: Half-hourly measurement dataset (quality controlled and filtered), derived variables and energy balance components (Franz_ds01.csv) - Data Set 2: Half-hourly fluxes and transfer coefficients derived by bulk aerodynamic transfer models (Franz_ds02.csv) - Data Set 3. Daily courses and cumulative sums of energy balance components for the average day per subperiod including measured and modelled H and LE (Franz_ds03.csv)
Eddy covariance measurements were conducted from 23 April to 16 August 2014 on a thermokarst lake in the Siberian Lena River Delta, yielding direct measurements of sensible (H) and latent (LE) heat flux on half-hourly basis. Ancillary measurements including meteorological variables and water temperature measurements were gathered during the campaign. We derived bulk aerodynamic transfer coefficients in order to parameterize the heat fluxes and compare this in-situ model with independent heat flux parameterization schemes, which are also based on the common bulk transfer algorithm. We further investigated the components of a simple energy balance including measured and modelled H and LE. The dataset was created within the framework of a publication of the study results in Journal of Geophysical Research - Atmospheres (Lake-atmosphere heat flux dynamics of a thermokarst lake in arctic Siberia, by Franz et al.)
# 9
Darmawan, Herlan • Walter, Thomas • Richter, Nicole • Nikkoo, Mehdi
Abstract: This data publication is a high resolution Digital Elevation Model (DEM) generated for the Merapi summit by combining terrestrial laser scanning (TLS) and unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) photogrammetry data acquired in 2014 and 2015, respectively. The structures of the data are further analysed in Darmawan et al. 2017 (http://doi.org/10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2017.11.006). The published datasets consist of combined point clouds with ~65 million data points and a DEM with a resampled resolution of 0.5 m. The DEM data covers the complexity of the Merapi summit with area of 2 km2. The coordinate of the datasets is projected to global coordinates (WGS 1984 UTM Zone 49 South). TLS is a topography mapping technique which exploits the travel time of a laser beam to measure the range between the ground-based scanning instrument and the earth’s surface. TLS provides high accuracy, precision, and resolution for topography mapping, however, it requires different scan position to obtain accurate topography model in a complex topography. The TLS dataset was acquired by using a long-range RIEGL VZ-6000 instrument with a Pulse Repetition Rate (PRR) of 30 kHz. The Merapi data includes an observation range of 0.129 – 4393.75 m, a theta range (vertical) of 73 – 120° with a sampling angle of 0.041°, a phi range (horizontal) of 33° - 233° with a sampling angle of 0.05°, and 12 reflectors for each scan. The used TLS dataset was achieved by combining two scan positions, both realized in September 2014. In order to reduce still eminent shadowing, we conducted additionally a UAV photogrammetry survey. The UAV data allows to fill data gaps and generate a complete 3D point cloud. The UAV photogrammetry was conducted by using DJI Phantom 2 quadcopter drone in October 2015. The drone carried GoPro HERO 3+ camera and a H3-3D gimbal to reduce image shaking. We obtained over 300 images which cover the summit area of Merapi. By applying the Structure from Motion algorithm, we are able to generate a 3D point cloud model of Merapi summit. Further details on this procedure are provided in Darmawan et al. (2017). Structure from Motion is a technique to generate a 3D model based on 2D overlapped images. The algorithm detects and matches the same ground features of 2D images, reconstructs a 3D scene, and calculates a depth map for each camera frame. The algorithm used is implemented in Agisoft Photoscan Professional software. After importing the images in Agisoft, we used the ‘align image’ function with high accuracy setting to generate 3D sparse point cloud and ‘build dense cloud’ function with high quality to generate 3D dense point cloud. The 3D point clouds of TLS and UAV photogrammetry were then georeferenced to our georeferenced 3D point cloud which acquired in 2012. The RMS of TLS and UAV photogrammetry during georeferenced is 0.60 and 0.44 m, respectively, as described in Further details on this procedure are provided in Darmawan et al. (2017). After georeferencing, both 3D point clouds were merged and interpolated to a raster format in the ArcMap software.
# 10
Uhlig, David • Schuessler, Jan A. • Bouchez, Julien • Dixon, Jean L. • von Blanckenburg, Friedhelm
Abstract: This dataset is a supplementary dataset to the manuscript: “Uhlig, D., Schuessler, J. A., Bouchez, J. L., Dixon, J., and von Blanckenburg, F.: Quantifying nutrient uptake as driver of rock weathering in forest ecosystems by magnesium stable isotopes, Biogeosciences, 2017“. The dataset contains physicochemical parameters of stream water (pH, temperature, conductivity discharge, alkalinity) , and chemical and Mg isotope analyses of stream water, vegetation, soil, saprolite, weathered bedrock and unweathered bedrock of three headwater catchments at Providence Creek in the Southern Sierra Nevada, California, USA. Further, the dataset contains soil and saprolite weathering indicators such as the chemical depletion fraction (CDF) and mass transfer coefficients, as well as elemental regolith production fluxes, elemental net solubilisation fluxes, elemental dissolved river fluxes, elemental litterfall fluxes, nutrient recycling fluxes and elemental dissolved export efficiencies that rely on measured data reported in the above study and data from literature. These data and metrics were used to track the pathway of Mg and other nutrients through the headwater catchments at the Critical Zone Observatory of the Southern Sierra Nevada.
spinning wheel Loading next page