11 documents found in 298ms
# 1
Mikolaj, Michal
Abstract: This software publication describes the data acquisition, processing and modelling of hydrological, meteorological and gravity time series prepared for the Argentine-German Geodetic Observatory (AGGO) in La Plata, Argentina. The corresponding output data set is available at http://doi.org/10.5880/GFZ.5.4.2018.001 (Mikolaj et al., 2018). Processed hydrological series include soil moisture, temperature, electric conductivity, and groundwater variation. The processed meteorological time series comprise air temperature, humidity, pressure, wind speed, solar short- and long-waver radiation, and precipitation. Modelling scripts include evapotranspiration, combined precipitation, and water content variation in the zone between deepest soil moisture sensor and groundwater. In addition, large-scale hydrological, oceanic as well as atmospheric effect are modelled along with the local hydrological effects. To allow for a comparison of the model outputs to observations, processing script of gravity residuals is provided as well.
# 2
Heimann, Sebastian • Isken, Marius • Kühn, Daniela • Sudhaus, Henriette • Steinberg, Andreas • (et. al.)
Abstract: Grond is an open source software tool for robust characterization of earthquake sources. Moment tensors and finite fault rupture models can be estimated from a combination of seismic waveforms, waveform attributes and geodetic observations like InSAR and GNSS. It helps you to investigate diverse magmatic, tectonic, and other geophysical processes at all scales. It delivers meaningful model uncertainties through a Bayesian bootstrap-based probabilistic joint inversion scheme. The optimisation explores the full model space and maps model parameter trade-offs with a flexible design of objective functions. Rapid forward modelling is enabled by using pre-computed Green's function databases, handled through the Pyrocko software library. They serve synthetic near-field surface displacements and synthetic seismic waveforms for arbitrary earthquake source models and geometries.
# 3
Radosavljevic, Boris
Abstract: This publication contains tools for statistical evaluation and exploration of data published by Radosavljevic et al. (2016). These data contain bulk geochemistry data (total organic carbon, nitrogen, stable carbon isotope) and granulometry of nearshore samples in the vicinity of Herschel Island, Yukon, Canadian Beaufort Sea. In addition, the functions of the script herein provide a means for summaries and comparison with terrestrial (Couture, 2010; Tanski et al., 2017; Obu et al., 2016) and marine (a subset of Naidu et al., 2000) data. The tools are contained in a script written for the R software environment for statistical computing and graphics. The script (sediments_geochemistry_plots_and_summaries.r) is richly documented and explains the functionality. Each data file also contains a description of the data in a comma separated file (csv).The functions of the script are:myinteract() - interactive modemysum() - provides numerical summaries for WBP and TB, a box plot and runs a Two-sided Mann-Whitney-Wilcoxon testmyloc() - provides numerical summaries and comparisons among the current study, marine, and terrestrial samples, a box plot and runs a Two-sided Mann-Whitney-Wilcoxon testmyseds() - provides numerical summaries and comparisons of grain size data among the current studymycums() - plots cumulative frequency curves of grain size distributions by transectThe package contains (included in the zip folder):sediments_geochemistry_plots_and_summaries.r - script filegeochemistry_data_including_other_studies.csv - contains data by Radosavljevic et al. (2016) and other studies in the regionVolFrequenciesCoordsTransects.csv - contains volumetric grain size frequenciesgranulometry_stats.csv - contains summary statistics of grain size dataTransectSampleIndex.csv - provides an index of transectsTransectMap.png - an overview map of sample transects
# 4
Ziegler, Moritz O.
Abstract: The 3D geomechanical-numerical modelling of the in-situ stress state requires observed stress information at reference locations within the model area to be compared to the modelled stress state. This comparison of stress states and the ensuing adaptation of the displacement boundary conditions provide a best fit stress state in the entire model region that is based on the available stress information. This process is also referred to as calibration. Depending on the amount of available information and the complexity of the model the calibration is a lengthy process of trial-and-error modelling and analysis. The Fast Automatic Stress Tensor Calibration (FAST Calibration) is a method and a Matlab script that facilitates and speeds up the calibration process that has been developed in the framework of the World Stress Map (WSM, Heidbach et al., 2010; 2016). The method requires only three model scenarios with different boundary conditions. The modelled stress states at the locations of the observed stress state are extracted. Then they are used to compute the displacement boundary conditions that are required in order to achieve the best fit of the modelled to the observed stress state. Furthermore, the influence of the individual observed stress information on the resulting stress state can be weighted. The FAST-Calibration (Fast Automatic Stress Tensor Calibration) is a Matlab tool that controls the statistical calibration of a 3D geomechanical-numerical model of the stress state following the approach described by Reiter and Heidbach (2014), Hergert et al. (2015), and Ziegler et al. (2016). It is mainly designed to support the multi-stage modelling procedure presented by Ziegler et al. (2016). However, it can also be used for the calibration of a single-stage model. The tools run in Matlab 2017a and higher and are meant to work with the visualization software Tecplot 360 EX 2015 R2 and higher (https://www.tecplot.com/products/tecplot-360/) in conjunction with the Tecplot 360 Add-on GeoStress (Stromeyer and Heidbach, 2017). The user should be familiar with 3D geomechanical-numerical modelling, Matlab, Tecplot 360 EX, including a basic knowledge of Tecplot 360 EX macro functions, and the Tecplot 360 EX Add-on GeoStress. This FAST Calibration manual provides an overview of the scripts and is designed to help the user to adapt the scripts for their own needs.
# 5
Dietze, Michael
Abstract: Environmental seismoloy is a scientific field that studies the seismic signals, emitted by Earth surface processes. This R package eseis provides all relevant functions to read/write seismic data files, prepare, analyse and visualise seismic data, and generate reports of the processing history. eseis contains a growing set of function to handle the complete workflow of environmental seismology, i.e., the scientific field that studies the seismic signals that are emitted by Earth surface processes. The package supports reading the two most common seismic data formats, general functions for preparational and analytical signal processing aswell as specified functions for handling signals generated by Earth surface processes. Finally, graphical plot functions are provided, too. The software package contains 51 functions and two example data sets (eseis-supplementary_material.zip). It makes use of a series of dependency packages described in the DESCRIPTION file of the package.
# 6
Quinteros, Javier
Abstract: This service provides routing information for distributed data centres, in the case where multiple different seismic data centres offer access to data and products using compatible types of services. Examples of the data and product objects are seismic timeseries waveforms, station inventory, or quality parameters from the waveforms. The European Integrated Data Archive (EIDA) is an example of a set of distributed data centres (the EIDA „nodes“). EIDA have offered Arclink and Seedlink services for many years, and now offers FDSN web services, for accessing their holdings. In keeping with the distributed nature of EIDA, these services could run at different nodes or elsewhere; even on computers from normal users. Depending on the type of service, these may only provide information about a reduced subset of all the available waveforms. To be effective, the Routing Service must know the locations of all services integrated into a system and serve this information in order to help the development of smart clients and/or services at a higher level, which can offer the user an integrated view of the entire system (EIDA), hiding the complexity of its internal structure. The service is intended to be open and able to be queried by anyone without the need of credentials or authentication.
# 7
Brunke, Heinz-Peter • Widmer-Schidrig, Rudolf • Korte, Monika
Abstract: For frequencies above 30 mHz the instrument intrinsic noise level of typical fluxgate magnetometers used at geomagnetic observatories usually masks ambient magnetic field variations on magnetically quiet days. Natural field variations referred to as pulsations (Pc-1, Pc-2, Pi-1) fall in this band. Usually their intensity is so small that they rarely surpass the instrumental noise of fluxgate magnetometers. INTERMAGNET has set a minimum quality standard for definitive 1 s data (Turbitt, 2014) which can actually hardly be met by fluxgate magnetometers in use by magnetic observatories. Brunke et al. (2017) propose a method to improve 1Hz observatory data by merging data from the proven and tested fluxgate magnetometers currently in use with induction coil magnetometers into a single data stream. This data publication includes the according MATLAB software package implementing the merging of both data sets. The content of the software package and the functionality of each module is described in the content.txt file that is also included in the zip folder. The resulting data are in line with the INTERMAGNET format for 1 s magnetic data, but surpasses the INTERMAGNET 1 s standard by far. The long term stability of the fluxgate data is not affected. The changes to the fluxgate data remain within the range of the instrument intrinsic noise. In addition to the Matlab software, we provide test datasets of one day length kindly provided by the magnetic observatories Niemegk, Conrad and Eskdalemuir.
# 8
Stromeyer, Dietrich • Heidbach, Oliver
Abstract: For the visualization and analysis of the stress field from 4D thermo-hydro-mechanical (THM) numerical model results two main technical steps are necessary. First, one has to derive from the six independent components of the stress tensor scalar and vector values such as the ori-entation and magnitude of the maximum and minimum horizontal stress, stress ratios, differential stress. It is also of great interest to display e.g. the normal and shear stress with respect to an arbitrarily given surface. Second, an appropriate geometry has to be given such as cross sections, profile e.g. for borehole pathways or surfaces on which the model results and further derived values are interpolated. This includes the three field variables temperature, pore pressure and the displacement vector. To facilitate and automate these steps the add-on GeoStress for the professional visualization software Tecplot 360 EX has been programmed. Besides the aforementioned values derived from the stress tensor the tool also allows to calculate the values of Coulomb Failure Stress (CFS), Slip and Dilation tendency (ST and DT) and Fracture Potential (FP). GeoStress also estimates kinematic variables such as horizontal slip, dip slip, rake vector of faults that are implemented as contact surfaces in the geomechanical-numerical model as well as the true vertical depth. Furthermore, the add-on can export surfaces and polylines and map on these all availble stress values. The technical report describes the technical details of the visualization tool, its usage and ex-emplifies its application using the results of a 3D example of a geomechanical-numerical model of the stress field. The numerical solution is achieved with the finite element software Abaqus version 6.11. It also presents a number of special features of Tecplot 360 EX in combination with GeoStress that allow a professional and efficient analysis. The Add-on and a number of example and input files are provided at http://doi.org/10.5880/wsm.2017.001.
# 9
Ziegler, Moritz • Heidbach, Oliver
Abstract: The distribution of data records for the maximum horizontal stress orientation SHmax in the Earth’s crust is sparse and very unequally. In order to analyse the stress pattern and its wavelength or to predict the mean SHmax orientation on a regular grid, statistical interpolation as conducted e.g. by Coblentz and Richardson (1995), Müller et al. (2003), Heidbach and Höhne (2008), Heidbach et al. (2010) or Reiter et al. (2014) is necessary. Based on their work we wrote the Matlab® script Stress2Grid that provides several features to analyse the mean SHmax pattern. The script facilitates and speeds up this analysis and extends the functionality compared to aforementioned publications. The script and a number of example and input files are provided at http://doi.org/10.5880/wsm.2017.002. The script provides two different concepts to calculate the mean SHmax orientation on a regular grid. The first is using a fixed search radius around the grid point and computes the mean SHmax orientation if sufficient data records are within the search radius. The larger the search radius the larger is the filtered wavelength of the stress pattern. The second approach is using variable search radii and determines the search radius for which the variance of the mean SHmax orientation is below a given threshold. This approach delivers mean SHmax orientations with a user-defined degree of reliability. It resolves local stress perturbations and is not available in areas with conflicting information that result in a large variance. Furthermore, the script can also estimate the deviation between plate motion direction and the mean SHmax orientation.
# 10
Isken, Marius • Sudhaus, Henriette • Heimann, Sebastian • Steinberg, Andreas • Daout, Simon • (et. al.)
Abstract: We present a modular open-source software framework - kite (http://pyrocko.org), written in Python and C. The software enables rapid post-processing of space-born InSAR-derived surface displacement maps, swift parametrization and sub-sampling of the displacement measurements. With our package we aim to ease and streamline the optimization of earthquake source parameters from InSAR and GPS data and facilitate their joint optimization with seismological waveforms in combination with the pyrocko toolbox. Through such joint data optimizations from near- and far-field observations the determination of rupture parameters and processes will become more accurate and robust. Moreover, we present an intuitive kinematic deformation modelling sandbox for handling and manipulating various kinds of tectonic and volcanic deformation sources, interacting in elastic homogeneous or layered, full- or half-spaces.
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